Friday, August 28, 2009

PHP 5.3 on CentOS 5

SkyHi @ Friday, August 28, 2009
My previous articles on installing PHP on CentOS dealt with installing PHP 5.2.6. I have found this to have some bugs that kill the process without error information. One bug I found, which was on an x86_64 server, was that converting an object to a string did this.
So, I have compiled the latest PHP version, 5.2.10 5.3.0 5.3.3, and put it in my own repository for easy installation. I have compiled it for CentOS 5 i386 and x86_64, and provided the source RPMS in the repo, if anyone wants to compile it for another OS or architecture.
Update 2009-07-03 – I updated the version to PHP 5.3, which was released a few days before. This includes many new features such as closures, namespaces, and packaged scripts in phar files, which I’ll blog about soon. Check out PHP changelog for more details.
Update 2009-09-01 – Added a note about deprecated errors, and how to silence them. Also I have included a tip that might help those of you struggling to install.
Update 2010-03-03 – I’ve added both apc 3.1.3p1 beta (php-pecl-apc in yum) and eAccelerator 0.9.6 (php-eaccelerator in yum) RPMs to the repository, they are compiled for (and work on) php 5.3.x

I have also included the same php extensions I mentioned in my other article, php-mcrypt, php-mhash (in PHP 5.2), php-mssql and php-tidy
To install, first you must tell rpm to accept rpm’s signed by me, then add the yum repository information to yum:
rpm -ivh`uname -i`/webtatic-release-5-0.noarch.rpm
Now you can install php by doing:
yum --enablerepo=webtatic install php
Or update an existing installation of php, which will also update all of the other php modules installed:
yum --enablerepo=webtatic update php
If this does not work correctly, try disabling all other repositories while installing/updating, by adding the –disablerepo=* option. This will stop other dependencies from being installed, so you may want to install them first.
yum --disablerepo=* --enablerepo=webtatic update php

“Depsolving” problems

If you get depsolving problems when updating, you may have currently installed some extensions that have been removed, e.g. php-mhash, php-ncurses.
You will need to remove them before upgrading.
yum remove php-mhash php-ncurses

Deprecated Errors

Once you are running the new version, you may get “deprecated” errors in your error logs. This isn’t bad, it just means to tell you that some of the functions you are using are no longer prefered, and may be removed in a future major release. An example of this is the ereg functions. Preg functions are prefered over these, as they are much faster and more powerful, and in all cases do at least the same thing.
If upgrading the functions are not an option, and you would like to hide the deprecated errors from your error log, for example on a production server, just edit your /etc/php.ini file, find the line:
error_reporting  =  E_ALL
and replace to:
error_reporting  =  E_ALL & ~E_DEPRECATED

PHP 5.2.14

I am also maintaining a PHP 5.2.14 release, so should you prefer to install that (for reasons like incompatibilities or testing), you can force it to install that instead by doing:
yum --enablerepo=webtatic --exclude=php*5.3* update php
Or you can add to the /etc/yum.repos.d/webtatic.repo the line: