Thursday, January 26, 2012

Linux Package Manager Command Line Comparison

SkyHi @ Thursday, January 26, 2012
This page pulls heavily from openSUSE's Software Management Command Line Comparison. It has been simplified and has added Arch to the comparison, as well as modified the order in which each distribution exists for the benefit of Arch users.
Users from other Linux distributions can benefit from pacman by using a simple wrapper: pacapt. The script could also be intended for Arch users having to temporarily deal with another distribution.
Actionarchredhat/fedoradebian/ubuntuold suseopensusegentoo
Install a package(s) by namepacman -Syum installapt-get installrug installzypper install zypper inemerge [-a]
Remove a package(s) by namepacman -Ryum remove/eraseapt-get removerug remove/erasezypper remove zypper rmemerge -C
Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par.pacman -Ssyum searchapt-cache searchrug searchzypper search zypper se [-s]emerge -S
Upgrade Packages - Install packages which have an older version already installedpacman -Syuyum updateapt-get upgraderug updatezypper update zypper upemerge -u world
Upgrade Packages - Another form of the update command, which can perform more complex updates -- like distribution upgrades. When the usual update command will omit package updates, which include changes in dependencies, this command can perform those updates.pacman -Syuyum distro-syncapt-get dist-upgradezypper dupemerge -uDN world
Reinstall given Package - Will reinstall the given package without dependency hassle.pacman -Syum reinstallapt-get install --reinstallzypper install --forceemerge [-a]
Installs local package file, e.g. app.rpm and uses the installation sources to resolve dependenciespacman -Uyum localinstalldpkg -i && apt-get install -fzypper in /path/to/local.rpmemerge
Updates package(s) with local packages and uses the installation sources to resolve dependenciespacman -Uyum localupdaten/aemerge
Use some magic to fix broken dependencies in a systempacman dep level - testdb, shared lib level - findbrokenpkgs or ldddpackage-cleanup --problemsapt-get --fix-brokenrug* solvedepszypper verifyrevdep-rebuild
Only downloads the given package(s) without unpacking or installing thempacman -Swyumdownloader (found in yum-utils package)apt-get --download-onlyzypper --download-onlyemerge --fetchonly
Remove dependencies that are no longer needed, because e.g. the package which needed the dependencies was removed.pacman -Qdtq | pacman -Rs -package-cleanup --leavesapt-get autoremoven/aemerge --depclean
Downloads the corresponding source package(s) to the given package name(s)Use ABS && makepkg -oyumdownloader --sourceapt-get sourcezypper source-installemerge --fetchonly
Remove packages no longer included in any repositories.package-cleanup --orphans
Install/Remove packages to satisfy build-dependencies. Uses information in the source package.automaticyum-builddepapt-get build-depzypper si -demerge -o
Add a package lock rule to keep its current state from being changed${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf
modify IgnorePkg array
yum.conf <--”exclude” option (add/amend)echo "$PKGNAME hold" | dpkg --set-selectionsrug* lock-addPut package name in /etc/zypp/locks/etc/portage/package.mask
Delete a package lock ruleremove package from IgnorePkg line in /etc/pacman.confyum.conf <--”exclude” option (remove/amend)echo "$PKGNAME install" | dpkg --set-selectionsrug* lock-deleteRemove package name from /etc/zypp/locks/etc/portage/package.mask (or package.unmask)
Show a listing of all lock rulescat /etc/pacman.confyum.conf (research needed)/etc/apt/preferencesrug* lock-listView /etc/zypp/lockscat /etc/portage/package.mask
Add a checkpoint to the package system for later rollback(unnecessary, done on every transaction)rug* checkpoint-addn/a
Remove a checkpoint from the systemN/AN/Arug* checkpoint-removen/a
Provide a list of all system checkpointsN/Ayum history listrug* checkpointsn/a
Rolls entire packages back to a certain date or checkpoint.N/Ayum history rollbackrug* rollbackn/a
Undo a single specified transaction.N/Ayum history undon/a
Package information management
Get a dump of the whole system information - Prints, Saves or similar the current state of the package management system. Preferred output is text or XML. One version of rug dumps information as a sqlite database. (Note: Why either-or here? No tool offers the option to choose the output format.)(see /var/lib/pacman/local)(see /var/lib/rpm/Packages)apt-cache statsrug dumpn/aemerge --info
Show all or most information about a package. The tools\' verbosity for the default command vary. But with options, the tools are on par with each other.pacman -[S|Q]iyum list or infoapt-cache showpkg apt-cache showrug infozypper info zypper ifemerge -S; emerge -pv; eix
Search for package(s) by searching the expression in name, description, short description. What exact fields are being searched by default varies in each tool. Mostly options bring tools on par.pacman -Ssyum searchapt-cache searchrug searchzypper search zypper se [-s]emerge -S
Lists packages which have an update available. Note: Some provide special commands to limit the output to certain installation sources, others use options.pacman -Quyum list updates yum check-updateapt-get upgrade -> nrug list-updates rug summaryzypper list-updates zypper patch-check (just for patches)emerge -uDNp world
Display a list of all packages in all installation sources that are handled by the packages management. Some tools provide options or additional commands to limit the output to a specific installation source.pacman -Slyum list availableapt-cache dumpavail apt-cache dump (Cache only) apt-cache pkgnamesrug packageszypper packagesemerge -ep world
Displays packages which provide the given exp. aka reverse provides. Mainly a shortcut to search a specific field. Other tools might offer this functionality through the search command.pkgfile yum whatprovides yum providesapt-file search rug what-provideszypper what-provides    zypper wpequery belongs (only installed packages); pfl
Display packages which require X to be installed, aka show reverse/ dependencies. rug\'s what-requires can operate on more than just package names.pacman -Qiyum resolvedepapt-cache rdependsrug what-requiresIN PROGRESSequery depends
Display packages which conflict with given expression (often package). Search can be used as well to mimic this function. rug\'s what-conflicts function operates on more than just package names(none)repoquery --whatconflictsrug info-conflicts rug what-conflictsIN PROGRESS
List all packages which are required for the given package, aka show dependencies.pacman -[S|Q]iyum deplistapt-cache dependsrug info-requirementsIN PROGRESSemerge -ep
List what the current package providesyum providesrug info-providesIN PROGRESS
List the files that the package holds. Again, this functionality can be mimicked by other more complex commands.pacman -Ql $pkgname
pkgfile -l
yum providesapt-file listrug* file-listIN PROGRESSequery files
List all packages that require a particular packagerepoquery --whatrequires [--recursive]
Search all packages to find the one which holds the specified file. auto-apt is using this functionality.pkgfile -syum provides yum whatprovidesapt-file searchrug* package-file rug what-providesIN PROGRESSequery belongs
Display all packages that the specified packages obsoletes.yum list obsoletesapt-cache / greprug info-obsoletesIN PROGRESS
Verify dependencies of the complete system. Used if installation process was forcefully killed.testdbyum deplistapt-get check ? apt-cache unmetrug verify rug* dangling-requiresn/aemerge -uDN world
Generates a list of installed packagespacman -Qyum list installedapt-cache --installedzypperemerge -ep world
List packages that are installed but are not available in any installation source (anymore).pacman -Qmyum list extrasn/a
List packages that were recently added to one of the installation sources, i.e. which are new to it. Note: Synaptic has this functionality, however apt doesn\'t seem to be the provider.(none)yum list recentn/a
Show a log of actions taken by the software /var/log/pacman.logyum history cat /var/log/yum.logcat /var/log/dpkg.logrug historycat /var/log/zypp/historylocated in /var/log/portage
Clean up all local caches. Options might limit what is actually cleaned. Autoclean removes only unneeded, obsolete information.pacman -Sc
pacman -Scc
yum cleanapt-get clean apt-get autocleanzypper cleaneclean distfiles
Add a local package to the local package cache mostly for debugging purposes.cp $pkgname /var/cache/pacman/pkg/apt-cache addn/acp $srcfile /usr/portage/distfiles
Display the source package to the given package name(s)repoquery -sapt-cache showsrcn/a
Generates an output suitable for processing with dotty for the given package(s).apt-cache dottyn/a
Set the priority of the given package to avoid upgrade, force downgrade or to overwrite any default behavior. Can also be used to prefer a package version from a certain installation source.${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf
Modify HoldPkg and/or IgnorePkg arrays
yum-plugin-priorities and yum-plugin-protect-packages/etc/apt/preferences smart priority –setzypper mr -p${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords
Add a line with =category/package-version
Remove a previously set priority/etc/apt/preferences smart priority --removezypper mr -p${EDITOR} /etc/portage/package.keywords
remove offending line
Show a list of set priorities.apt-cache policy /etc/apt/preferences smart priority --shown/acat /etc/portage/package.keywords
Ignores problems that priorities may trigger.n/a
Installation sources management${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf${EDITOR} /etc/yum.repos.d/${REPO}.repo
Add an installation source to the system. Some tools provide additional commands for certain sources, others allow all types of source URI for the add command. Again others, like apt and yum force editing a sources list. apt-cdrom is a special command, which offers special options design for CDs/DVDs as source.${EDITOR} /etc/pacman.conf${EDITOR} /etc/yum.repos.d/${REPO}.repoapt-cdrom addrug service-add rug mount /local/dirzypper service-addlayman, overlays
Refresh the information about the specified installation source(s) or all installation sources.pacman -Syyum clean expire-cache && yum check-updateapt-get updaterug refreshzypper refresh zypper reflayman -f
Prints a list of all installation sources including important information like URI, alias /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlistcat /etc/yum.repos.d/*rug service-listzypper service-list
Disable an installation source for an operationyum --disablerepo=${REPO}
Download packages from a different version of the distribution than the one installed.yum --releasever=${VERSION}
Other commands
Start a shell Start a shell to enter multiple commands in one sessionyum shellapt-config shellzypper shell
Package Verification
Single packagerpm -V debsumsrpm -V rpm -V equery check
All packagesrpm -Vadebsumsrpm -Varpm -Vaequery check
Package Querying
List installed local packages along with versionpacman -Qrpm -qadpkg-query -lemerge -e world
Display package information: Name, version, description, etc.pacman -Qirpm -qidpkg-query -pemerge -pv and emerge -S
Display files provided by packagepacman -Qlrpm -ql (installed only) or repoquery -l (everything)dpkg-query -Lequery files
Query the package which provides FILEpacman -Qorpm -qf (installed only) or yum whatprovides (everything)dpkg-query -Sequery belongs
Query a package supplied on the command line rather than an entry in the package management databasepacman -Qprpm -qpdpkg-deb -I
Show the changelog of a packagepacman -Qcrpm -q --changelogequery changes -f
Search within installed packagespacman -Qsrpm -qa | grep fooeix -I
Building Packages
Build a packagemakepkg -srpmbuild -ba (normal) mock (in chroot)dpkg-buildpkgrpmbuild -barpmbuild -ba
Check for possible packaging issuesrpmlintlintian
List the contents of a package filerpmls rpm -qplrpm -qplrpm -qpl
Extract a packagetar -Jxvfrpm2cpio | cpio -vidar vx | tar -zxvf data.tar.gzrpm2cpio | cpio -vidrpm2cpio | cpio -vid
Query a package supplied on the command line rather than an entry in the package management databasepacman -Qprpm -qp