Monday, March 8, 2010

Sharing Internet connection using bridge mode

SkyHi @ Monday, March 08, 2010

Sharing Internet connection using bridge mode

Internet connection can be shared with another computer if you have a free Ethernet port

Sharing via bridge mode

When using a box, first activate the router functions of your box so that it can assign different IP to each PC.

Imagine that you have a PC with 2 Ethernet interface:

eth0 is connected to the Internet (and is automatically assigned IP 192.168.0.x by the dhcp.
eth1 is a free interface (configured with a fixed IP

Your /etc/network/interfaces file must look like this:
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp

auto eth1
iface eth1 inet static

We will connect a second PC to the eth1 port like this:

Making use of the bridge implies that any Ethernet frame received on an ethernet interface (eth0 or eth1) will be re-issued on the other. Just like hen connecting 2 PC via a hub.

PC2 will have its IP address automatically assigned by the box, and can connect directly to the Internet.

Installing bridge-utils

Type: sudo apt-get install bridge-utils

Change the configuration

Modify the /etc/network/interfaces file

auto lo<br />iface lo inet loopback<br /><br />auto br0<br />iface br0 inet dhcp<br />bridge_ports eth0 eth1<br /><br />auto eth1<br />iface eth1 inet static<br />address<br />netmask


To validate this configuration, type: sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart

The bridge br0 is configured to obtain IP address via DHCP and then is asked to connect "virtually" eth0 and eth1 with using the following command: bridge_ports eth0 eth1.

On PC2, you just have to configure it with DHCP (automatic IP address).